Updated: Mar 15
Since it's Black History Month, there's no other way to start my first blog in February with anything else. Three moments that shaped our history are:
1. Jackson State University Tragedy
Around one hundred black students from Jackson University on the evening of May 14th 1970 , gathered on Lynch Street to protest their feelings toward the law enforcement and local youths of Jackson, Mississippi. The students overturned cars, threw rocks at white motorcyclists and started fires. Students were also angered from the murders of Charles Evers (Medgar Evers' brother) and his wife. Many students had also encountered racism from the community of Jackson. Many Jackson police departments arrived along with firefighters to calm down the rage. At least 150 rounds were fired from policemen. Unfortunately, Phillip Lafayette Gibbs, 21, a junior, and James Earl Green, 17, a high school senior were killed. Many others were wounded. Today, you can still see the bullet holes in Alexander Hall, a women's dorm. The university also honored Gibbs and Green a plaza named after them.
2. Claudette Colvin: The First to Refuse a Seat to a White Man
On March 2, 1955, Claudette Colvin was riding home on a city bus when the bus driver demanded she give up her seat to a white man. Colvin refused and was later arrested for the complication. She was never used as the face for the Bus Boycott or for the testing of the segregation case. Colvin wasn't used for the case or the boycott because of her age which was seen as unreliable by the NAACP. Also, Colvin had become pregnant within a few months of the refusal of giving up her seat. She also believed she wasn't used because of where she was from and because she was dark-skinned. They believed an unwed mother would bring too much negative attention to the case. Although Rosa Parks was used to represent the segregation case, Colvin was taken under her wing. In those years of Colvin's life, she was unable to find a job because of her "reputation".
3. The Negro Motorist Green Book
A book designed to assist Black people in finding a safe haven to eat, sleep and activities. The "Green Book". The book was created by Victor Hugo Green a New York City mailman from 1936 to 1966, during the era of Jim Crow laws. Green wanted the book to help Black people find friendly people with a zero tolerance of racism, hate and discrimination. It also noted where sundown towns were and helped to eliminate embarrassing and life-threatening encounters from white people. Green also covered other places such as parts of Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Bermuda. There have been four issues of the Green Book
(1940, 1947, 1954, and 1963)